Penalties have only been introduced since the fifth edition of the UEFA European Championship in 1976. The only other matches decided previously after a draw had been the one between Italy and the Soviet Union (with the blue winners thanks to the coin toss) and the final of 1968 (Italy’s victory over Yugoslavia in the repeat final).
The first match decided on penalties was the 1976 final, culminating in Czechoslovakia’s victory over West Germany thanks to the historic “spoon” of Antonin Panenka. It was the first of 18 races of the European Championship decided at the 11 meters, as well as the only final.
Euro team records: most participations, wins and losses on penalties
Most matches decided on penalties
4 England, Netherlands, Spain
3 Czechoslovakia/Czech Republic, Germany (West Germany), Portugal
2 Denmark, France, Poland
1 Croatia, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey
Most wins per team
3 Czechoslovakia/Czech Republic, Spain
2 Germany, Italy, Portugal
1 Denmark, England, France, Netherlands, Poland, Turkey
Most losses per team
3 England, Italy, Netherlands
1 Croatia, Denmark, Germany (West Germany), Poland, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland
Czechoslovakia/Czech Republic (3) and Turkey (1) are the only teams that have ever won on penalties at EURO. So far, the Czechs have turned 20 shots from the puck out of 20. Italy went on penalties more than any other team, winning twice and losing three, with a 40% chance of success and 31 shots. England and Holland have won only once.
Longer sequences from disk to EURO
18 penalties: 1980 third place final: Czechoslovakia – Italy 1-1, Czechoslovakia wins 9-8 on penalties
18 penalties: 2016 quarter-final: Germany – Italy 1-1, Germany wins 6-5 on penalties
Shorter sequences from disk to EURO
7 penalties: 2008 quarter-final: Croatia – Turkey 1-1, Turkey wins 3-1 on penalties
Italy, which featured in both longer sequences, missed a shot from the puck in 1980 and four in 2016: this is the most mistakes by a team in a single Euro game. Of the 18 matches that ended on penalties at EURO, the 2016 game was the sixth ended in outrage, with seven errors (39%). The record of errors, however, was set in Croatia-Turkey with three wrong penalties out of seven (43% failure).
Which goalkeepers have gone to penalties several times at EURO?
3 Gianluigi Buffon (Italy – 1 win, 2 losses: 12 conceded, 3 saves, 3 wrongs)
3 Edwin van der Sar (Netherlands – 1 win, 2 losses: 12 conceded, 2 saves, 1 wrong)
2 Iker Casillas (Spain – 2 wins: 4 conceded, 3 saves, 1 wrong)
2 Ukasz Fabiaski (Poland – 1 win, 1 loss: 9 conceded, 1 wrong)
2 Bernard Lama (France – 1 win, 1 loss: 10 conceded, 1 save)
2 Rui Patrcio (Portugal – 1 win, 1 loss: 7 conceded, 2 saves)
2 David Seaman (England – 1 win, 1 loss: 8 conceded, 1 save, 1 wrong)
Seven goalkeepers have gone on penalties more than once in Euro. The ones who have parried the most are Gianluigi Buffon and Iker Casillas (three). Only half of the eight penalties scored against Casillas were scored.
Who turned the most penalties to EURO?
While no player has gone on penalties more than twice, 18 have found themselves on the puck in two games: among them are Cristiano Ronaldo and Robert Lewandowski. Of them, all but two of them have always scored: the exceptions are the Portuguese Nani and the Polish Jakub Beaszczykowski, who made a mistake on the second attempt. Surprisingly, all 31 of Italy’s penalties (nine of which were wrong) were pulled by different players.
Players who turned two penalties to EURO
Cesc Fàbregas (Spain), Paul Gascoigne (England), Kamil Glik (Poland), Ladislav Jurkemik (Czechoslovakia), Patrick Kluivert (Netherlands), Robert Lewandowski (Poland), Maria Masna (Czechoslovakia), Arkadiusz Milik (Poland), Arkadiusz Milik (Poland)), Joo Moutinho (Portugal), Zdenak Nehoda (Czechoslovakia), Anton Ondruch (Czechoslovakia), Antonin Panenka (Czechoslovakia), Stuart Pearce (England), David Platt (England), Cristiano Ronaldo (Portugal), Alan Shearer (England)
Penalties per euro per turn: when are they most likely?
Over the years, the competition has gone from a four-team format to the current 24-team format, with the introduction of new rounds and the abandonment of the final for third place. So far, penalties have been seen more in the quarter-finals (37.5% probability).
Round of 16: A match out of the possible eight ended on penalties (12.5% chance)
Quarterfinals: nine games out of 24 possible (37.5%)
Semi-finals: six out of 28 matches possible (21%)
Third place final: one game out of the possible six (17%)
Final: one game out of 15 possible (7%)
All matches decided on penalties at EURO
1976 final: Czechoslovakia – West Germany 2-2, Czechoslovakia wins 5-3 on penalties
1980 third-place finish: Czechoslovakia – Italy 1-1, Czechoslovakia wins 9-8 on penalties
1984 semi-final: Denmark – Spain 1-1, Spain wins 5-4 on penalties
1992 semi-final: Netherlands – Denmark 2-2, Denmark wins 5-4 on penalties
1996 quarter-final: Spain – England 0-0, England wins 4-2 on penalties
1996 quarter-final: France – Netherlands 0-0, France wins 5-4 on penalties
1996 semi-final: Germany – England 1-1, Germany wins 6-5 on penalties
1996 semi-final: France – Czech Republic 0-0, Czech Republic wins 6-5 on penalties
2000 semi-final: Italy – Netherlands 0-0, Italy wins 3-1 on penalties
2004 quarter-finals: Portugal – England 2-2, Portugal wins 6-5 on penalties
2004 quarter-finals: Sweden – Netherlands 0-0, Netherlands wins 5-4 on penalties
2008 quarter-finals: Croatia – Turkey 1-1, Turkey wins 3-1 on penalties
2008 quarter-finals: Spain – Italy 0-0, Spain wins 4-2 on penalties
2012 quarter-finals: England – Italy 0-0, Italy wins 4-2 on penalties
2012 semi-final: Portugal – Spain 0-0, Spain wins 4-2 on penalties
Round of 16 2016: Poland – Switzerland 1-1, Poland wins 5-4 on penalties
Quarter-finals 2016: Poland – Portugal 1-1, Portugal wins 5-3 on penalties
2016 quarter-finals: Germany – Italy 1-1, Germany wins 6-5 on penalties